Will Adult Aquired Flat Foot Necessitate Surgical Teatments ?


Adult-Acquired Flat Foot Deformity (AAFFD) is mostly caused by a progressive degeneration of the tendon (tibialis posterior) in which sports ths arch in the foot. Because the actual tendon ages or possibly is exposed to repetitive trauma, it stretches out more than time, your all-natural arch in the foot gets for you to be less pronounced and the foot gradually flattens out. Even though it actually is uncertain why this occurs, the issue sometimes appears equally amongst men and ladies - with an growing frequency together with age. Occasionally, the individual get each and every year a new traumatic form of the situation as a result of a fall from a height or even abnormal landing throughout aerial sports like gymnastics or basketball.

Adult Acquired Flat Foot


There tend to be numerous leads to involving acquired adult flatfoot, such as fracture or perhaps dislocation, tendon laceration, tarsal coalition, arthritis, neuroarthropathy, neurologic weakness, along with iatrogenic causes. the most frequent cause associated with acquired adult flatfoot will be posterior tibial tendon dysfunction.


The forms of symptoms in which could indicate Adult-Acquired Flat Foot Deformity include foot pain that will worsens more than time, loss with the arch, abnormal shoe wear (excessive wearing on the inner side of shoe through walking around the inner facet in the foot) as well as an awkward look in the foot along with ankle (when viewed from behind, heel and toes apparently go out towards the side). The idea is very important that people help people recognize the particular early the indicators of this condition, as you will find many treatment options, based upon the particular severity, the actual ages of the particular patient, and in addition the desired exercise levels.


Clinicians must recognize the actual early stage associated with this syndrome which include pain, swelling, tendonitis and disability. The Particular musculoskeletal part with the clinical exam can help determine happens with the disease. The idea is extremely important in order to palpate the particular posterior tibial tendon and also test its muscle strength. This is tested simply by asking affected person to always be able to plantarflex and also invert the actual foot. Joint selection of motion can be should be assessed as well. Stiffness in the joints might indicate longstanding disease causing a new rigid deformity. The weightbearing examination needs in order to be performed as well. Any complete deficiency of your medial longitudinal arch is frequently seen. in later levels your head of the talus bone tasks outward towards the point of your significant "lump" in the arch. Observing your patient's feet through behind shows a substantial valgus rotation with the heel. Coming From behind, the actual "too many toes" sign might be seen as well. This could be when there's abducution of the forefoot within the transverse plane allowing the toes to be seen through behind. Dysfunction in the posterior tibial tendon could be assessed by asking your individual for you to get up on his/her toes around the affected foot. In case they may well be unable to, this indicates the condition will be in the heightened stage with the tendon potentially totally ruptured.

Non surgical Treatment

The following is a introduction to conservative treating acquired flatfoot. Stage 1, NSAIDs as well as short-leg walking cast or walker boot with regard to 6-8 weeks; full-length semirigid custom molded orthosis, physical therapy. Stage 2, UCBL orthosis or even brief articulated ankle orthosis. Stage 3, Molded AFO, double-upright brace, or perhaps patellar tendon-bearing brace. Stage 4, Molded AFO, double-upright brace, or perhaps patellar tendon-bearing brace.

Flat Foot

Surgical Treatment

Surgery ought to simply be done in the huge event the pain does not progress following a couple associated with months involving conservative treatment. The Actual kind involving surgery depends around the stage in the PTTD disease. This in addition, it dictated by simply exactly where tendonitis is positioned and how much your tendon is actually damaged. Surgical reconstruction may be extremely complex. Several with the common surgeries include. Tenosynovectomy, taking out the inflamed tendon sheath around the PTT. Tendon Transfer, to be able to augment the particular perform in the diseased posterior tibial tendon with a neighbouring tendon. Calcaneo-osteotomy, sometimes the actual heel bone wants to become corrected to get an improved heel bone alignment. Fusion in the Joints, if osteoarthritis in the foot features set in, fusion of the joints might end up being necessary.